Attended schools in Winnipeg, Calgary and England; studied art under Frank Schaeffer in Brazil and Charles Seliger in N.Y.; attended the Art Students’ League and Pratt Graphics in N.Y.

Sales clerk and radio actress in Saint John, N.B.; filing clerk and historical researcher in Montreal, P.Q.; co-editor of Preview; regional editor for B.C. of Northern Review; script writer for the National Film Board 1946-1950. Conducted workshops at The Writers’ Workshop, Toronto, 1974-1977; taught at the University of Victoria, Victoria, BC 1977-1978; member of the Advisory Arts Panel to Canada Council 1976-1979; member of the Editorial Board of Malahat Review.